common form of sugar is table sugar or sucrose (C12H22O11). Almost all
sucrose is extracted from sugarcane or sugar beets by a milling or diffusion
process. The milling process includes the shredding of the plants, followed
by pressing out the juice, and finally extracting the residues with
the water. The diffusion process involves separating the sugar from
finely cut plants and dissolving it in hot water or juice. The liquids
gained by either of these two processes are clarified, concentrated
through evaporation, and then seeded to induce crystallization of the
sugar. The sugar in this sample is granulated sugar wich is 99.9% sucrose.
More than 100 million metric tons of sugar can be produced per year.
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